Science & Nature (K-12)

A Natural History of Science

Science is both a body of knowledge that represents current understanding of natural systems and the process whereby that body of knowledge has been established and is continually extended, refined, and revised. Both elements are essential: one cannot make progress in science without an understanding of both. Likewise, in learning science one must come to understand both the body of knowledge and the process by which this knowledge is established, extended, refined, and revised. (Duschl, Schweingruber, & Shouse, 2007, p. 26)

Western Branches of Science

Natural Science: The Study of Natural Phenomena

Social Science: The Study of Human Behavior and Society

Formal Science: The Study of Mathematics, Logic


Indigenous Science







WA State K-12 Science Standards:

Additional Resources for Teachers:


WA State Science Standards:

Washington State Nature of Science Standards



Duschl, Richard A.; Schweingruber, Heidi A.; & Shouse, Andrew W. (Eds.). (2007). Taking science to school: Learning and teaching science in grades K-8. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.


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